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Korea Cultural Heritage Foundation

home > Revival of Old Palace Events > Giroyeon

Giroyeon

Event Synopsis

The custom of respecting the elderly can be traced to the necessity of their abundant leadership, and such a spirit of respect continued from the royal courts of the Three Kingdoms to Goryeo and Joseon.
In particular, the Joseon Dynasty strengthened the Giro system in order to stably maintain and develop a centralizing system based on Confucianism as a governing ideology, and King Taejo instituted it as a part of a policy of respecting and serving one’s parents.
Giroso refers to a social organization for civil ministers at the senior grade of the second court rank and of 70 or more years of age consulting the King and participating in important national affairs to help the King. When senior officials over 70 years entered Giroso, the King granted them gwejang (chairs and sticks) and held a feast, which is referred to as Giroyeon. Giroyeon was held in spring on March 3 of the lunar calendar and on Jungyangjeol (the ninth day of the ninth lunar month).

Introduction to Event

  • Period:May ~ September (closed in July and August)
  • Place: Sujeongjeon(a library) at Gyeongbokgung palace
  • For more information, please visit our website at or call to +82-(0)2 3210-1645

Event Procedures

  • Jinhaui (a congratulatory ceremony) : This is a ceremony in which scholars, military officials and girosin offer their felicitations to the King
    • 1. Choeom (Sageum and Nobu Uijang (Honor cortege)) enter.
    • 2. Ieom
      • The Hyeomnyullang leads jeonak (a music master) and akgong (musicians) to enter
      • A commander who will execute the event enters
    • 3. Sameom
      • The King enters
      • The Queen and Giro officials enter
    • 4. Gukgungsabae (Four Bows)
      • Every attendant including the Crown Prince bows to the King four times
  • Jinchanui (a ceremony held for an auspicious occasion for the royal family in the palace) : A ceremony in which foods were served to the King and Girosin
    • 1. The Jejo (an official) of Saongwon (the government office in charge of ceramic art) gave the King a Hwigeon (a towel).
    • 2. A feast is served to the King, the Queen, and the Girosinha.
  • Jinjakui (feast in small scale offered on the auspicious occasion in the royal family) : A ceremony in which wine and snacks are served to the King and Girosin
    • 1. The First Winecup The Jejo of Saongwon (the government office in charge of ceramic art) offers the King the first winecup
      • The Jejo of Saongwon offers the Queen wine and the Jipsaja offers the Girosinha wine.
      • The Jejo of Saongwon offers soup.
      • The Jejo of Saongwon offers the Queen soup, and the Jipsaja offers the Girosinha soup.
    • 2. The Second Winecup – The Fifth Winecup
  • Gungjungjeongjae (court banquet dances)
    • Abangmu Photo
    • ChomuTwo child dancers line up, dance to the sound of a janggu(a Korean drum) with their
      lifting and raising their left and right hands alternately when the rhythm changes.
    • Abangmu (dance of ivory clapper) A dance that is performed while a small clapper, called an abak, is beaten.
    • Hyangbalmu Hyangbalmu is a dance in which a dancer holds a hyangbal, which is a small percussion instrument formed of brass (a finger cymbal), in her thumb and middle finger, and beats it to make a rhythmic sound.
    • MugoDancers perform in various forms with one large drum called a mugo placed in the center of the stage.
    • Cheoyongmu A dance performed with a mask called Cheoyong in the shape of a man.