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Korea Cultural Heritage Foundation

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Cultural Property Investigation and Research Team

Cultural Property Investigation and Research Team

The Cultural Property Investigation and Research Team performs excavation (trial digging) investigation including archaeological investigation before constructing various national policy projects performed in the country: expansion of social infrastructure including roads, civil houses, and a building site for construction of an apartment, so that damage to the buried cultural properties is prevented, and development and preservation are harmoniously executed to record materials in the relevant remains, and to contribute to obtaining cultural preservation and academic materials.

Archeological Survey

Archeological Survey Photo

The archeological survey refers to a survey that is conducted on remains and relics within the region subject to the cultural property investigation as they appear on the surface of the earth without deconstructing topography, so that it is determined whether the cultural properties will be preserved or not, and characteristics and distribution of the properties are confirmed. The survey is largely divided into a ground archeological survey and an underwater archeological survey.

Trial Excavation Survey

Trial Excavation Survey Photo

Trial digging survey is a survey, in which a plan (grid) in predetermined units and coordinates is set on the entire surface of remains in order to understand a distribution range and nature of the remains based on the previously performed archeological survey, and then a drain (trench) that has a width of 1 to 2 meters is installed to understand the distribution range and nature of the remains. As a result of the trial digging, importance of the remains is determined, and then whether formal excavation survey will be performed or not is determined.

The excavation refers to a scientific method conducted to confirm buried cultural properties in order to obtain accurate information on remains in a region determined to have remains. While the excavation survey may enable plenty of academic materials to be obtained, the excavation destroys the current shape of the remains, and thus it may be preferable not to perform the excavation to maintain the remains as they are. The excavation survey is classified into an academic excavation survey for obtaining academic information, and a relief excavation survey depending on the purpose of the excavation.

Conservation Science

Conservation Science Photo

Conservation science is a study in which the current scientific knowledge and equipment are applied to investigation research into cultural properties, and preservation and recovery thereof, and investigation and research into material properties and a technique of producing them are conducted to find out the properties. Further, the purpose of the science is to transmit relics to posterity by recovering the shapes that the relics have, and by preserving them.

Experience of Traditional Culture

Experience of Traditional Culture Photo

After the on-the-site excavation is completed, records including recovery and measurement of the relics, and photography are arranged together with analysis of them, so that an academic report that is to be used as an archaeologocal basic material is published. In the report, a natural environment and location of the relic, a historical background, an excavation state of a basis on which a structure and style of old architecture can be known and relics, and consideration there of are arranged and recorded.