Joseon Wangneung (Royal Tomb) Cultural Festival

Seolleung Royal Tomb and Jeongneung Royal Tomb in Seoul / Historic Site No. 199

Seolleung is the tomb of King Seongjong and his Queen Jeonghyun. King Seongjong established the early Joseon system by institutionalizing the Confucian ideology to realize politics of royal statesmanship. As the tomb of King Jungjong, the 11th king of Joseon, Jeongneung was originally located on the hill to the right of Huireung, the tomb of the second queen (Queen Jangkyung) of King Jungjong. Nonetheless, the third queen, Munjeong, moved the tomb to its present location, claiming that the original location was ominous in terms of feng shui.

Taereung Royal Tomb and Gangneung Royal Tomb in Seoul / Historic Site No. 201

Taereung is the tomb of Queen Munjeong (1501-1565), the third queen of King Jungjong (11th king of Joseon). Her body was supposed to be buried beside her husband in Jeongneung but was buried here instead due to flooding during the rainy season. Gangneung is the tomb of King Myeongjong (13th king of Joseon who reigned from 1545 to 1567) and his queen Insun (1532-1575).

Hongneung Royal Tomb and Yureung Royal Tomb in Namyangju / Historic Site No. 207

Hongneung is the tomb of the first Emperor Gojong and Empress Min of the Korean Empire; it is a tomb that was different from other Joseon royal tombs in terms of form. Yureung is the tomb of the second Emperor Sunjong, his first Empress Sunmyung, and second Empress Sunjeong. Yureung is a hapjang tomb, indicating that the wife/wives was/were interred in the same grave as the husband.

East Nine Royal Tombs in Guri / Historic Site No. 193

East Nine Royal Tombs are located on the east side of Seoul City Wall. Around Geonwolleung, the tomb of the first King Taejo, are nine tombs including the following: Hyeolleung, the tomb of the fifth king Munjong and his queen Hyeondeok; Mongneung, the tomb of the 14th king Seonjo and his queens Uiin and Inmok; Hwireung, the tomb of Queen Jangryul of King Injo (16th king); Sungneung, the tomb of the 18th king Hyunjong and his queen Myungsung; Hyereung, the tomb of the 20th king of Gyeongjong and his queen Danui; Wolleung, the tomb of the 21st king Yeongjo and his queen Jeongsun; Sureung, the tomb of the honored king Munjo and his queen Sinjung; and Gyeongneung, the tomb of the 24th king Heonjong and his queens Hyohyeon and Hyojeong.

Seooreung Royal Tombs in Goyang / Historic Site No. 198

Seooreung consists of five tombs, the next largest tombs to the East Nine Royal Tombs. It was the tomb of King Sejo’s eldest son Uigyeong Seja (Deokjong). When Seja was honored as Deokjong, the tomb was called Gyeongneung. Then Queen Sohye was buried on the hill west of Gyeongneung. Since then, tombs had been added: Changneung, the tomb of the 8th king Yejong and his queen Ansun; Ingneung, the tomb of Queen Inkyung of King Sukjong (19th king); Myeongneung, the tomb of King Sukjong and his queens Inhyeon and Inwon; and Hongneung, the tomb of Queen Jeongseong of King Yeongjo (21st king).

Goyang Seosamneung / Historic Site No. 200

Seosamneung consists of three tombs: Huireung, Hyoreung, and Yereung. After Huireung — the tomb of Queen Janggyeong of King Jungjong — was established, Hyoreung (the tomb of King Injong and Queen Inseong) and Yereung (the tomb of King Cheoljong and Queen Cheorin) were set up. In addition to these three tombs of kings and queens, Seosamneung has 3 tombs of crown princes, 1 Hoemyo, 46 tombs of princes, princesses, and royal concubines, and 54 taesils (placenta chambers).

Yeongneung in Yeoju / Historic Site No. 195

Yeongneung is the tomb of King Sejong (reigned from 1418 to 1450) and his wife Queen Soheon (1395 - 1446). King Sejong was the very king who achieved the golden age of the Joseon Dynasty in the fields of politics, economy, society, and culture. When Queen Soheon died in the 28th year of the king’s reign (1446), the tomb was made in the form of a double-tomb on the hill west of Heolleung, and King Sejong was buried along with his wife when he died during the 32nd year of his reign (1450). In the 1st year of King Yejong’s reign (1469), the tomb was moved to its present location because the original location was considered ominous in terms of feng shui. Yeongneung is Joseon’s first hapjang royal tomb, consisting of two rooms within one grave for a king and his wife.